Changes in Culture and Architecture from Vernacular to Modern: M.P., India

India is known for its rich cultural heritage. The culture plays an important role in defining the architecture of a place or people with time. Madhya Pradesh is one of the states of India. The objective of the paper is to study the changes in culture and architecture from vernacular to modern of Madhya Pradesh. Vernacular architecture has been evolved through a process of trial and error for ages. In Methodology the vernacular and urban dwellings are documented and analyzed on various parameters of culture and architecture. The dwelling of potters and bamboo workers are selected from vernacular and urban settlement. The two typical dwelling from BHEL, Bhopal is selected from an urban settlement. The result focuses on influences of urbanization and globalization which brought threat to cultural identity. The urban settlements are designed according to the economic status of the residents without considering their culture. The analysis is to adapt the appropriate technology using locally available material and construction techniques for a sustainable development. It requires an innovative and creative approach to integrate vernacular into the modern architecture. The paper concludes by learning and appreciating the principles of vernacular architecture and integrating them with the contemporary knowledge and technology.

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